Children with special needs come to the world all the time. They, like any other child, need education, and they need socialization. While the first problem can be solved with homeschooling, it is usually more difficult to solve the problems with society.
What do we do when we see a disabled person? Rarely will s/he get help. Instead, people would stand and watch, even if at that moment the person may need help. It is not easy for an adult to react to such a situation, and the child will constantly ask questions: what is wrong with me? Why do they look at me like that?
In respond to this problem, schools and preschool institutions are introducing inclusive education. If we visit a school or kindergarten, we will see a child with poor eyesight, with hearing aids, or even in a wheelchair. For such children, ramps, special handrails, tables for people with visual problems are installed in schools and preschooling institutions, and classrooms are adapted for their needs.
But, like any other form of modern education, inclusion has its pros and cons.
Benefits for children with disabilities include:
• being in a society. Children with disabilities can easily socialize and improve their communication skills;
• improving the level of education;
• it allows to feel like being an ordinary child, and increase self-esteem.
Benefits for children without special needs:
• fostering respect for people with disabilities;
• improvement of leadership qualities;
• improving academic performance.
Unfortunately, this education has its negative sides too.
The disadvantages of inclusive education are as follows:
• curricula do not correspond to the programs designed for special children;
• lack of specialists;
• ignorance of correctional pedagogy and psychology.
If children with usual development are taught from an early age together with children with disabilities, they are likely to soften their aggression towards such people, and this may lessen the feeling of superiority over the disabled. This is an urgent need, as the 21st century witness children to have become more aggressive, even if every lesson in school starts with a discussion on this topic.
Parents should try to raise their children in such a way that they treat all people with respect, regardless of their social status.